OMEGA 3 FATTY ACIDS
Fish oil is a form of fatty acid that is derived from the tissues of oily fish. It contains the omega-3 fatty acids, including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
The list of benefits is plentiful. In fact, the National Institute of Health lists fish oil and other omega-3 fatty acids as being helpful in treating or preventing 37 conditions. Here, some of the most noteworthy:
› Promotes heart health
› Supports healthy cholesterol levels
› Protects against cancer
› Improves mental health
› Boosts your mood
› Helps to maintain strong bones
Omega-3 fatty acids are an essential part of any diet, but are of particular value to athletes looking to conserve muscle as they slow down, or even inhibit, muscle proteolysis, which is the breaking down of muscle proteins. We all the importance of protein.
Of particular interest to athletes are the factors of fish oil that contribute to healthy joints. Omega-3s enhance joint mobility through a few different mechanisms.
Decrease Inflammation – Studies show that EPA and DHA are effective for decreasing several inflammatory markers. EPA and DHA also increase some anti-inflammatory markers such as IL-10, TGF beta.
Decrease the Progression of Osteoarthritis – EPA and DHA inhibit the expression of various proteins that contribute to osteoarthritis.
Assist in Joint Health – Omega-3 fatty acids may decrease symptoms of morning stiffness, tender or swollen joints, and joint pain. They can also help increase blood flow during exercise.